Politeness Strategy in Shanghai Knights Film

Ernovilinda Ernovilinda

Abstract


Language is a communication tool for every human being and is used  to convey ideas, messages, intentions, feelings, opinions to others or even to meet daily needs. Intercultural communication is a communication that frequently occurs in the community. Pragmatics is a branch of linguistics that discusses aspects of language as a communication tool. When combined with culture, intercultural communication that occurs in society can be understood. In order for a speaker's language to be accepted in a society, he needs to fully understand the rules that apply in that society, including an understanding of the appropriate  use of certain language functions or speech acts. There is a close relationship between pragmatics and the concept of politeness. Politeness is fundamental in pragmatics because this is a universal phenomenon in the use of language in social contexts. The focus of this research is to identify the politeness strategies used by the two main characters in the Shanghai Knights film, Chon Wang and Roy O'Bannon, and analyze them in terms of the cultural background of the two main characters. This is a qualitative descriptive study. The results show that the politeness strategy used is strongly influenced by their cultural background. The strategy used most often is the bald-on record strategy while the Off-record politenses strategy is the strategy that is the least used by the two main characters of the film. This suggests that an understanding of politeness strategies is needed to realize face-threatening actions (FTA). In other words, politeness strategies are used to maintain continuity and success in communicating.

Keywords


Cross-cultural pragmatics, politeness strategy, Shanghai Knights

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aditiawarman, M., & Elba, R. P. (2018). The Politeness Strategies Used in The Movie The Chronicles of Narnia. Jurnal Ilmiah Langue and Parole, 2(1), 32–38. https://doi.org/10.36057/jilp.v2i1.331

Aryanto, W. J. (2014). A Study of Politeness Strategies Used By the Characters of the Ugly Truth Movie. Faculty of Culture Studies - Universitas Brawijaya.

Brown, P., & Levinson, S. C. (1987). Politeness: Some Universal in Language Usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Chaer, A., & Agustina, L. (1995). Sosiolinguistik Perkenalan Awal. Rineka Cipta.

Eelen, G. (2001). Kritik Teori Kesantunan (Jumadi dan Slamet Rianto, terj.). Surabaya: Airlangga University Press.

Fitriah., & Hidayat, D. N. (2018). Politeness: Cultural Dimensions of Linguistic Choice. IJEE, 5(May), 26–34. https://doi.org/10.15408/ijee.v5i1.IJEE

Heryadi, H., & Silvana, H. (2013). Komunikasi Antarbudaya Dalam Masyarakat Multikultur. Jurnal Kajian Komunikasi, 1(1).

Hofstede, G. (2001). Culture’s consequences: Comparing values, behaviors, institutions and organizations across nations (2nd ed.). Sage Publications.

Keraf, G. (1997). Komposisi: Sebuah Pengantar Kemahiran Bahasa. Ende-FLores: Penerbit Nusa Indah.

Leech, G. (2007). Politeness: Is there an East-West divide? Journal of Politeness Research Language, Behaviour, Culture, 3(2), 167–2016, ISSN 1613-4877.

Levinson, S. C. (1983). Pragmatics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lucky Nur Safitri, F., Mujiono, & Herawati, S. (2015). A Study on Politeness Strategies of Characters in The big Wedding Movie Directed by Justin Zackham. Jurnal Ilmiah Bahasa Dan Sastra, 2(2).

Miles, M., & Huberman, A. (1994). Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook. California: SAGE Publications.

Mu, Y. (2015). The Application of Politeness Strategies in English and Chinese Movie Reviews. International Journal of English Linguistics, 5(6), 105. https://doi.org/10.5539/ijel.v5n6p105

Mustiari, N., Tika, I., & Widiastuti, N. (2017). Politeness Strategies in Delivering Commands in the Movie Entitled “The Social Network.” Humanis, 19(1), 268–274.

Pradnyani, N., Budiarsa, M., & Sudana, I. (2017). Positive Politeness Strategies in Animation Movie “Home” Directed By Tim Johnson. Jurnal Humanis, 19(1), 198–205.

Pramujiono, A. (2012). Dari Mianzi Dan Lian Menuju Face: Dari Kearifan Lokal Cina Menuju Teori Kesantunan Yang Mendunia. Lingua Cultura, 6(2), 200. https://doi.org/10.21512/lc.v6i2.407

Pratiwi, E. ., Santihastuti, A., & Sukmaantara, I. P. (2018). Brown and Levinson’s Politeness Strategies on Apologizing Expression of “The Princess Diaries” (2001) The Movie: A Discourse Analysis. Jurnal Edukasi, 5(1), 24. https://doi.org/10.19184/jukasi.v5i1.8013

Retnowaty, R. (2015). Politeness Strategies Used by Colter Stevens as the Main Character in Source Code Movie. 4th English Language Teaching Literature and Translation, May.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/316655793_Politeness_Strategies_Used_by_Colter_Stevens_as_the_Main_Character_in_Source_Code_Movie

Rosari, M. (2016). Politeness Strategies Applied by the Characters of The Great Debaters Movie. Language and Language Teaching Journal, 19(01), 19–33. https://doi.org/10.24071/llt.2016.190103

Sari, K., Sili, S., & Setyowati, R. (2017). Politeness Strategies Used By the Characters In Finding Neverland Movie ( 2004 ). Jurnal Ilmu Budaya, 1(4), 377–388.

Selfia, M., & Marlina, L. (2016). An Analysis of Politeness Strategies Used By Deddy Corbuzier in Hitam Putih Talk Show. Journal UNP, 5(1), 43–48.

Supriyanta, S., Language, I. G.-J. (Journal of E., & 2017, U. (2017). An Analysis of Politeness Strategies Used by Claire Peterson in the Boy Next Door Movie. Jurnal.Ustjogja.Ac.Id. https://jurnal.ustjogja.ac.id/index.php/JELLT/article/view/921

Suryani Christina, S. C. & R. D. (2018). An Analysis of Politeness Strategies Used by The Characters in The Blind Side Movie. 2(4), 1–8.

Syamsuddin, A. (1996). Sanggar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Universitar Terbuka.

Tian, X., & Zhao, H. (2006). On Specificity of Politeness-Contrastive Study of Western and Chinese Concepts of Politeness. Sino-US English Teaching, 3(2), ISSN 1539-8072.

Ulfa, N. (2019). Politeness Strategies and Cooperation Principle in “Wonder” Movie. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 7(7), 563–573. https://doi.org/10.31686/ijier.vol7.iss7.1596

Wardaugh, R. (2006). An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. Wiley Blackwell.

Wierzbicka, A. (2003). Cross-Cultural Pragmatics The Semantic of Human Interaction. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21093/ijeltal.v5i1.571

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Creative Commons License
IJELTAL (Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics) by http://ijeltal.org is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 

Abstracting and Indexing

                     



Contact Us: IJELTAL (Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics; Address: FTIK, IAIN Samarinda; Jl. H.A.M. Rifadin, Samarinda, Kalimantan Timur, Indonesia. Email: ijeltalj@gmail.com