Grammatical Error Performances in Indonesia EFL Learners’ Writing

Astri Dwi Floranti, Hanif Nurcholish Adiantika

Abstract


The present study attempts to investigate the grammatical error performances in Indonesia EFL learners’ writing through the framework of Error Analysis (EA).  The errors are examined and categorized based on the integration of linguistic and surface strategy to gain detailed and comprehensive results. This study was conducted through a qualitative approach within an intrinsic case study design. This study was initiated in 1 senior high school of Kuningan city, West Java. It involved one hundred participants in the twelfth grade. The data were mainly obtained through written test and interview. The results reveal that the learners commit numerous error types in fourteen linguistic categories, especially in the verb areas. The errors are dominated in the form of misinformation and omission type. Furthermore, the possible sources of errors is obtained through the learners’ personal perspectives and analyzing the errors themselves. The sources involves the incapability to accomplish, recognize and comprehend the foreign language rules and its restrictions, less mastery of vocabulary and grammars. Hence, these shortcomings should be great concerns for the involved authorities. It is suggested to consider some advanced actions to overcome the errors and fulfill the learner needs.

Keywords


error analysis, writing, surface taxonomy; linguistic taxonomy, narrative text,

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Gharabally, M. (2015). The Writing Difficulties Faced By L2 Learners and How To Minimize Them. International Journal of English Language and Linguistics Research, 3(5), 42–49. Retrieved from www.eajournals.org

Al-Mekhlafi & Nagaratnam. (2011). Difficulties in Teaching and Learning Grammmar in an EFL Context. International Journal of Instruction, 4(2), 69–92.

Alhaysony, M., & Alhaisoni, E. (2017). EFL Teachers’ and Learners’ Perceptions of Grammatical Difficulties. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 8(1), 188–199. https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.alls.v.8n.1p.188

Ariyanti. (2016). The Teaching of EFL Writing in Indonesia. Dinamika Ilmu, 16(2), 263. https://doi.org/10.21093/di.v16i2.274

Ariyanti, A., & Fitriana, R. (2017). EFL Students’ Difficulties and Needs in Essay Writing. 158(Ictte), 111–121. https://doi.org/10.2991/ictte-17.2017.4

Artini, L. P. (2001). Prescriptive Grammar in Teaching English in Indonesian Schools. Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, Vol. 8, pp. 225–232. https://doi.org/10.17977/JIP.V8I3.564

Brown, H. D. (2007). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching (5th ed.). New York: Pearson Education Inc.

Corder, S. . (1981). Error Analysis and Interlanguage. In The Modern Language Journal. https://doi.org/10.2307/326720

Creswell, J. W. (2008). Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research (4th ed.). Boston: Pearson Education Inc.

Dulay, H., Burt, M., & Krashen, S. (1982). Language Two. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ellis, R., & Barkhuizen, G. (2005). Analysing Learner Language.pdf. New York: Oxford University Press.

Fareed, M., Ashraf, A., & Bilal, M. (2016). ESL Learners’ Writing Skills: Problems, Factors and Suggestions. Journal of Education & Social Sciences, 4(2), 81–92. https://doi.org/10.20547/jess0421604201

Fraenkel, J. R., Wallen, N. E., & Hyun, H. H. (2012). How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education (8th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Gass, S. M., & Selinker, L. (2008). Second Language Acquisition : An Introductory Course (3rd ed.). https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.53025-6

Harmer, J. (2004). How to Teach Writing. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.

Husin & Nurbayani. (2017). The Ability of Indonesian EFL Learners in Writing Academic Papers. Dinamika Ilmu, 17(2), 237–250.

Hyland, K. (2003). Second Language Writing. In TESOL Quarterly. https://doi.org/10.2307/3588251

Knapp, P., & Watkins, M. (2005). Genre, Text, Grammar : Technologies For Teaching and Assessing Writing. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press Ltd.

Kroeger, P. R. (2005). Analyzing Grammar : An Introduction. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Kroll, B. (1990). Second Language Writing; Research Insights for The Classroom.pdf. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Lauder, A. (2008). the Status and Function of English in Indonesia: a Review of Key Factors. Makara, Sosial Humaniora, 12(1), 9–20. https://doi.org/10.7454/mssh.v12i1.128

Lie, A. (2007). Education Policy and Efl Curriculum in Indonesia: Between the Commitment To Competence and the Quest for Higher Test Scores. TEFLIN Journal, 18(1), 1–14. https://doi.org/http://www.teflin.org/journal/index.php/journal/article/view/130

Mustafa, F., Kirana, M., & Bahri, S. (2017). Errors in EFL writing by junior high students in Indonesia. International Journal of Research Studies in Language Learning, 6(1), 38–52. https://doi.org/10.5861/ijrsll.2016.1366

Nur, M.R. & Madkur, A. (2014). Teachers’ Voices on the 2013 Curriculum for English Instructional Activities. IJEE, 1(2), 120–134.

Özdemir, E., & Aydın, S. (2015). The Effects of Wikis on Motivation in EFL Writing. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 191(June), 2359–2363. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.04.241

Richards, J. C. (1973). Error Analysis. Perspectives on Second Language Acquisition. In The Modern Language Journal. https://doi.org/10.2307/325758

Singh, C. K. S., Jageer Singh, A. K., Abd Razak, N. Q., & Ravinthar, T. (2017). Grammar Errors Made by ESL Tertiary Students in Writing. English Language Teaching, 10(5), 16–27. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v10n5p16

Sudarwati, M., & Grace, E. (2007). Look Ahead_ An English Course for Senior High School Students Year X (Jilid 1). Jakarta: Erlangga.

Sukandi, S. S. (2013). Teaching Writing to Indonesian EFL Learners: Challenges of The “Voice” And “Style” in Adjusting Cross Cultural Communication Skills. Proceedings International Seminar : Language Teaching in Cross Cultural Communication Context, 136–147. Sumatera Barat: STKIP PGRI Sumatera Barat.

Thuy, N. H. H. (2009). Teaching EFL writing in Vietnam : Problems and Solutions - A discussion from The Outlook of Applied Linguistics. VNU Journal of Science Foreign Lanuguages, 25, 61–66.

Walsh. (2010). The Importance of Writing Skills: Online Tools to Encourage Success — Emerging Education Technologies. Retrieved from http://www.emergingedtech.com/2010/11/the-importance-of-writing-skills-online-tools-to-encourage-success




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21093/ijeltal.v3i2.209

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Creative Commons License
IJELTAL (Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics) by http://ijeltal.org is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 

Abstracting and Indexing

                  



Contact Us: IJELTAL (Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics; Address: FTIK, IAIN Samarinda; Jl. H.A.M. Rifadin, Samarinda, Kalimantan Timur, Indonesia. Email: ijeltalj@gmail.com