EFL Students’ Challenges towards Home Learning Policy During Covid-19 Outbreak

Ariyanti Ariyanti


Obviously, the world wide is shocking with pandemic of Covid-19 where it effects to every single part of human lives and everyday activities for sure. Additionally, the Covid-19 pandemic also has its influence toward education system from lower to upper levels. Both teachers and students feel the impact from the recent pandemic especially in Indonesian context where of course it triggers barriers due to the educational adjustment they have to follow. Therefore, this research is particulalrly aimed to investigate perception of EFL students toward home learning during pandemic of Covid-19. In-dept interview was applied to eight students of English Department students of University of Widya Gama Mahakam Samarinda. Specifically, the in-dept interview is consisted of the students’ perception mainly regarding with challenges they faced when having home learning activities during the Covid-19 pandemic up to the recent time. As a result, the researcher found that the students face three major types of challenges including internet connection, healthy reason, and the use of certain online application. Further discussion and and fruitful suggestions also provided in this research.


EFL students, learning challenges, home learning policy, Covid-19 outbreak

Full Text:



Abidah, A., Hidaayatullaah, H. N., Simamora, R. M., Fehabutar, D., & Mutakinati, L. (2020). The Impact of Covid-19 to Indonesian Education and Its Relation to the Philosophy of “Merdeka Belajar.” Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education, 1(1), 38–49. https://doi.org/10.46627/sipose.v1i1.9

Agung, A. S. S. N., Surtikanti, M. W., & Quinones, C. A. (2020). Students’ Perception of Online Learning during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Case Study on the English Students of STKIP Pamane Talino. Jurnal Sosial Dan Humaniora, 10(2), 225–235.

Al Lily, A. E., Ismail, A. F., Abunasser, F. M., & Alqahtani, R. H. A. (2020). Distance education as a response to pandemics: Coronavirus and Arab culture. Technology in Society, 63, 1–11.

Ali, W. (2020). Online and Remote Learning in Higher Education Institutes: A Necessity in Light of COVID-19 Pandemic. Higher Education Studies, 10(3).

Almanar, M. A. (2020). The Shifting of Face to Face Learning to Distance Learning During the Pandemic Covid-19. Globish (An English-Indonesian Journal for English, Education and Culture), 9(2).

Amin, F. M., & Sundari, H. (2020). EFL Students’ Preferences on Digital Platforms during Emergency Remote Teaching: Video Conference, LMS, or Messenger Application? Studies in English Language and Education, 7(2).

Azzahra, N. F. (2020). Addressing Distance Learning Barriers in Indonesia Amid the Covid-19 Pandemic. Policy Brief, 2.

Baloran, E. T. (2020). Knowledge, Attitudes, Anxiety, and Coping Strategies of Students during COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Loss and Trauma, 25(8).

Cabinet Secretariat of the Republic of Indonesia. (2020). Education Ministry Adjusts Several Policies Amid COVID-19. Retrieved September 15, 2020, from https://setkab.go.id/en/education-ministry-adjusts-several-policies-amid-covid-19/

Cahyadi, A. (2020). Covid-19 Outbreak and New Normal Teaching in Higher Education: Empirical Resolve from Islamic Universities in Indonesia. Dinamika Ilmu, 20(2), 255–266. https://doi.org/10.21093/di.v20i2.2545

Cresswell, J. (2003). Research Design, Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Method Approach (2nd ed.). California: Sage Publications.

Cresswell, J. (2005). Research Design: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. London: Longman.

Espino-Díaz, L., Fernandez-Caminero, G., Hernandez-Lloret, C.-M., Alvarez-Castillo, Gonzalez-Gonzalez, H., & Jose-Luis. (2020). Analyzing the Impact of COVID-19 on Education Professionals. Toward a Paradigm Shift: ICT and Neuroeducation as a Binomial of Action. Sustainability, 12.

Gay, L. R., Mills, G. E., & Airasian, P. . (2012). Educational Research: Competencies for analysis and applications. Boston: Pearson.

Hasan, N., & Bao, Y. (2020). Impact of “e-Learning Crack-up” Perception on Psychological Distress among College Students During COVID-19 Pandemic: A Mediating Role of “Fear of Academic Year Loss.” Children and Youth Services Review, 118.

Kemdikbud. (2020). Pedoman Penyelenggaraan Belajar dari Rumah. Jakarta: Ministry of Education and Culture.

Layali, K., & Al-Shlowiy, A. (2020). Students’ Perceptions of E-Learning for ESL/EFL in Saudi Universities at Time of Coronavirus: A Literature Review. Indonesian EFL Journal (IEFLJ), 6(2).

Lestiyanawati, R., & Widyantoro, A. (2020). Strategies and Problems Faced by Indonesian Teachers in Conducting E- Learning System During COVID-19 Outbreak. Journal of Culture, Literature, Linguistic and English Teaching, 2(1), 71–82.

Miles, M. B., Huberman, ‎A. M., & Saldana, J. (2014). Qualitative Data Analysis: A Methods Sourcebooks (3rd ed.). California: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Mishra, L., Gupta, T., & Shree, A. (2020). Online Teaching-Learning in Higher Education during Lockdown Period of COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Educational Research Open.

Mohalik, R., & Sahoo, S. S. (2020). E-Readiness and Perception of Student Teachers towards Online Learning in the Midst of Covid-19 Pandemic. Retrieved September 10, 2020, from https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3666914

Mukhtar, K., Javed, K., Arooj, M., & Sethi, A. (2020). Advantages, Limitations and Recommendations for Online Learning during COVID-19 Pandemic Era. Pak J Med Sci, 36.

Mulyanti, B., Purnama, W., & Pawinanto, R. E. (2020). Distance Learning in Vocational High Schools During the Covid-19 Pandemic in West Java Province, Indonesia. Indonesian Journal of Science and Technology, 5(2), 271–282. https://doi.org/10.17509/ijost.v5i2.24640

Nadeak, B. (2020). The Effectiveness of Distance Learning Using Social Media during the Pandemic Period of COVID-19 : A Case in Universitas Kristen Indonesia. 29(7), 1764–1772.

Nurjanah, R. L. (2020). Self-Regulated Learning Strategy Instructions in Reading Comprehension Skill Learning During Outbreak Era. JELTL (Journal of English Language Teaching and Linguistics), 5(2), 191–201.

Permendikbud No. 19. (2020). Amendment to the Regulation of the Minister of Education and Culture Number 8 of 2020 on Technical Instructions for Regular School Operational Assistance. Jakarta: Ministry of Education and Culture.

Permendikbud No. 20. (2020a). Amendment to the Regulation of Minister of Education and Culture Number 13 of 2020 on Technical Instructions for Non-Physical Special Allocation Fund for Operational Assistance for the Implementation of Early Childhood Education and Equivalency Education. Jakarta: Ministry of Education and Culture.

Permendikbud No. 20. (2020b). The Flexible Use of School Operational Assistance (BOS) and Educational Operational Assistance (BOP). Jakarta: Ministry of Education and Culture.

Permendikbud No. 3. (2020). Pencegahan COVID-19 pada Satuan Pendidikan. Jakarta: Ministry of Education and Culture.

Permendikbud No. 33. (2019). Penyelenggaraan Program Satuan Pendidikan Aman Bencana. Jakarta: Ministry of Education and Culture.

Permendikbud No. 72. (2013). Kerangka Dasar Dan Struktur Kurikulum Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan/Madrasah Aliyah Kejuruan. Jakarta: Ministry of Education and Culture.

Pujilestari, Y. (2020). Dampak Positif Pembelajaran Online Dalam Sistem Pendidikan Indonesia Pasca Pandemi Covid-19. ’ADALAH, 4(1).

Putri, R. S., Purwanto, A., Pramono, R., Asbari, M., Wijayanti, L. M., & Hyun, C. C. (2020). Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Online Home Learning: An Explorative Study of Primary Schools in Indonesia. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(5).

SĂLCEANU, C. (2020). Higher Education Challnges during Covid-19 Pandemic. A Case Study. Revista Universitară de Sociologie, XVI(1).

Tanveer, M., Bhaumik, A., Hassan, S., & Haq, I. U. (2020). Covid-19 Pandemic, Outbreak Educational Sector and Students Online Learning in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, 23(3).

Wajdi, M. B. N., Kuswandi, I., Faruq, U. Al, Zulhijra, Z., Khairudin, K., & Khoiriyah, K. (2020). Education Policy Overcome Coronavirus, A Study of Indonesians. EDUTEC : Journal of Education And Technology, 3(2), 96–106. https://doi.org/10.29062/edu.v3i2.42

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21093/ijeltal.v5i1.649


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
IJELTAL (Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics) by http://ijeltal.org is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Abstracting and Indexing



Contact Us: IJELTAL (Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics;

Address: Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Aji Muhammad Idris Samarinda

Jl. H.A.M. Rifadin, Samarinda, Kalimantan Timur, Indonesia. Email: ijeltalj@gmail.com