Syntactical Development on Second Language Writing: A Case of L2 Child Learner on Immersion Experience Abroad

Hanna Sundari, Rina Husnaini Febriyanti

Abstract


Development of child language is tremendously complex, remarkable and wondrous. In a second language acquisition context, a child can acquire his second language in either acquiring both languages at the same time or learning the second language after mastering the first one. This present research is concerned to describe the syntactical development particularly for second language writing of an eight-year old child who has experienced immersion abroad for one year in L2-speaking country. The participant is an eight-year old child from Jakarta Indonesia who has experienced immersion environment in Australia for one year. The research will be carried out qualitative naturalistic research design. Not less than 38 documents of participant’s paperwork during her school year were then collected, grouped and analysed. From the findings, it is known that morphological processes on L2 such as affixes and verb changes have emerged. Meanwhile, the findings also show the development on morphemic, phrasal and sentential level on acquiring L2. Some morphemes have been acquired such as the suffix, the changing of verb, the -ing form. Moreover, post-noun prepositional phrases are the most emerged phrases. On sentential level, active declarative sentences are the most frequently appeared. However, some errors and inconsistency also occur indicating the development of her second language.

Keywords


child language, second language, syntactical development, writing

Full Text:

PDF

References


Berk, L. E. (2006). Child Development Seventh Edition (Seventh). United States of America: Pearson Education, Inc.

Brown, H. D. (2000). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching (Fourth). https://doi.org/10.2307/327571

Cook, V. (2008). Second Language Learning and Language Teaching (Fourth Edi). Malta: Hodder Education.

Fitriani, S. (2019). A Child Language Acquisition in Indonesian and English Language : A Longitudinal Case Study. Register Journal, 12(2), 126–156.

Gass, S. M., & Selinker, L. (2008). Second Language Acquisition: An Introductory Course (Third Edit). https://doi.org/10.1017/S0267190505000036

Goriot, C., Broersma, M., McQueen, J. M., Unsworth, S., & van Hout, R. (2018). Language balance and switching ability in children acquiring English as a second language. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 173, 168–186. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2018.03.019

Kootstra, G. J., Dijkstra, T., & Starren, M. (2015). Second language acquisition. International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 21, 349–359. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203835654

Kulundary, V., & Gabriele, A. (2012). Examining the role of L2 syntactic development in L3 acquisition. (May), 195–222. https://doi.org/10.1075/sibil.46.13kul

Larsen-Freeman, D., & Long, M. H. (2014). An Introduction to Second Language Acquisition Research. New York: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.

Miller, A. (2012). Child Second Language Acquisition: What Do We Know ? Columbia University Working Papers in TESOL & Applied Linguistics, 12(1), 18–34. Retrieved from http://journals.tc-library.org/index.php/tesol/article/view/816/509

Mobaraki, M., & Saed, A. (2016). The Production of Yes/No Questions, Wh-Questions, and Embedded Clauses as Functional Categories at the Initial Stage of Child L2 Acquisition. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, 6(1), 39. https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.6n.1p.39

Nunan, D. (2013). Research Methods in Language Learning. https://doi.org/10.2307/3588081

Owens, R. E. (2012). Language Development: An Introduction (Eighth ed.). https://doi.org/10.1097/00011363-199011000-00012

Paradis, J. (2008). Second Language Acquisition in Childhood. In E. Hoff & M. Shatz (Eds.), Blackwell Handbook of Language Development (pp. 387–405). https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470757833.ch19

Pili-Moss, D. (2017). Tracking the early stages of child and adult comprehension of L2 morphosyntax: A pilot study. Journal of the European Second Language Association, 1(1), 113. https://doi.org/10.22599/jesla.25

Steffani, S. A. (2007). Identifying Embedded and Conjoined Complex Sentences: Making it Simple. Contemporary Issues in Communication Science and Disorders, 34(Spring), 44–54. https://doi.org/10.1044/cicsd_34_s_44

Yamaguchi, Y., & Kawaguchi, S. (2016). Development of relative clause constructions in english L2. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, 5(1), 83–93. https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.5n.1p.83




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21093/ijeltal.v4i2.469

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Creative Commons License
IJELTAL (Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics) by http://ijeltal.org is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 

Abstracting and Indexing

                  



Contact Us: IJELTAL (Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics; Address: FTIK, IAIN Samarinda; Jl. H.A.M. Rifadin, Samarinda, Kalimantan Timur, Indonesia. Email: ijeltalj@gmail.com